Exeleon Magazine

Unlocking Opportunity – How Mortgage Rates Impact Homebuyers

Mortgage Rates

Mortgage rates directly influence home affordability for buyers who require mortgage loans to buy property. Interest rates on such loans are determined by factors like the Bank of Canada policy rate, bond yields and personal considerations such as credit score, home price and down payment amount.

Lower mortgage rates translate to reduced monthly payments; however, not all borrowers benefit equally from such rates.

The Bank of Canada’s monetary policy

The Bank оf Canada implements its monetary policy by manipulating short-term interest rates through various frameworks, most significantly its target for overnight rates which sets the interest rates at which financial system participants borrow and lend оn a daily basis. These rates are offered by banks, financial institutions, and private lenders alike.

The bank uses interest rate adjustments tо either boost оr slow the economy, іn an attempt tо limit inflation. Raising rates makes products and services more expensive for individuals and businesses tо purchase, thus decreasing demand and consequently decelerating prices increases.

However, the effects оf monetary policy take time tо have their full impact, with different sectors being more susceptible than others. If mortgage rates offered by banks, financial institutions, and private lenders were tо increase too significantly іt could reduce spending and worsen an economic slowdown.

The state of the economy

Economic conditions can significantly influence mortgage rates. Understanding this relationship between these factors is vitally important as they can have an enormous impact on household spending and savings.

Household debt can be an enormous threat to nations. It makes households less resilient to interest rate hikes and forces existing homeowners to delay refinancing, leading to reduced new home supply and an increase in mortgage arrears.

United States housing price growth has shown signs of moderation this year despite affordability challenges, with prices expected to converge with their Northeast peers by 2024; however, reaching pre-pandemic levels may prove challenging given that America boasts one of the highest debt service-to-income ratios among advanced economies.


Understanding inflation, interest rates and mortgages may seem complex to new homeowners; but an understanding of these terms will enable you to make smart decisions when purchasing or refinancing a property.

Assuming you take out a variable-rate mortgage and interest rates increase, your monthly payment could increase accordingly and decrease your purchasing power by decreasing how much money is left over for discretionary spending like going out for dinner or seeing a movie.

Macklem notes that, while eliminating mortgage inflation from the CPI calculation would bring it closer to meeting the Bank of Canada’s target of two per cent inflation, housing markets continue to play an outsized role in Canadian economies and should remain as such for some time to come.

Credit rating

Mortgage rates in Canada can be heavily affected by your credit rating, particularly if you are applying for or renewing an existing one. People with lower scores should prioritize increasing them to access mainstream lender offers with competitive mortgage rates.

Mortgage providers need to turn a profit and cover operating costs and some risk, which is why riskier borrowers often incur higher interest rates. Even small changes can make an enormous impactful difference on overall mortgage costs; and since most of us purchase our homes only once in our lives, understanding all factors involved is crucial in terms of understanding how much is paid over time.

Down payment

Home buyers’ down payments are cash investments made as part of the overall property cost, usually expressed as a percentage. Lenders see it as evidence that you’re serious about purchasing the house and are committed to meeting financial obligations.

Many homebuyers spend months saving for a down payment, creating a budget and cutting expenses where possible to reach their target amount. This could involve postponing vacations, cutting day-to-day expenses and driving a car that doesn’t need upgrades.

Though it may be tempting to go with only the minimum down payment amount, homebuyers should carefully consider the long-term advantages of investing in a larger down payment amount of 20% or more. Doing so reduces how much money needs to be borrowed while saving on interest rates over time.


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